New Zealandís only native mammal is a bat, so European settlers introduced several hunting species specifically for sport. In the absence of natural predators, these animals flourished. Today, population control is achieved with safe and controlled hunting. Targets include deer (including red, fallow and sika), chamois, tahr, pigs, wallabies, goats and possums. 

New Zealand also offer first-rate waterfowl and upland game-bird hunting.

New Zealand's forests and mountains are physically demanding and the high country weather is unpredictable. 
It is recommended that hunters use rifles of .270 minimum caliber. Ammunition is readily available for all common calibers.